Rhine Mystery #2 — Solved!

Susan Vaughan here.

If you read my June post about Dutch windmills (http://bit.ly/1lZ6iND), you’ll realize this month’s post continuing my cruise up the Rhine River is out of order. Should’ve posted about Amsterdam first. But here goes. Venice, Italy, is known as the city of canals because it’s built on a group of islands. So why Amsterdam in northern Europe?

Am17 - canal

We spent two and a half days in beautiful Amsterdam. It’s a very walkable city, not too large, with excellent public transportation. The biggest hazard is the hundred thousand bicycles zooming along the bike paths and streets. A pedestrian doesn’t dare cross pavement without checking for bikes. The Central Station even has a three-deck parking garage only for bicycles. They’re parked everywhere along the street and canals as well.

Am3 - Parked bikes - Warner

We saw ads for bike tours but shuddered at the image of tourists trying to navigate among all the locals. Not us. We used the Hop on-Hop Off buses and canal boats. Here’s where we waited for a canal boat.

Am11 - Waiting for the Hop on Hop off canal boat

While much of Amsterdam is modern and high tech, like the science museum called NEMO, we tended to explore the older, central parts of the city.

Am20 - NEMO sci & tech museum Warner

The towers of the ancient city gate dated from centuries ago when the city was much smaller and had to be defended from invaders.

Am22 - Old towers city gate

Houseboats, some created out of barges, parked on the canals. Owners pay taxes and receive city services like sewage and water.

Am9 - houseboat barge

More canals, some with houses leaning a bit because of shifting foundations on a sandy bottom.

Am33 - Corner leaning house

More canals and bridges, very scenic, some narrow.

Am35 - Series of bridges

Some wide and exotic, with cafes and hotels. We wanted to eat at this cafe and gaze out at the passing boats but we ran out of time.

Am5 - cafe

So, why the canals? Dam Square, known locally only as the Dam (Dutch: de Dam) derives its name from its original function: a dam on the Amstel River, hence also the name of the city (Amstel Dam > Amsterdam). Built in approximately 1270, the dam formed the first connection between the settlements on the sides of the river. Today the upper part of the Dam is a busy town square with the royal palace, the Madame Tussaud’s Wax Museum, and hotels.

Am54 - Dam Square

Other dams and dikes do the same for the Rhine and other rivers. The Rhine’s a wild river, or at least it was centuries ago. Uncontrolled, the water flowed in a Delta far and wide. Upstream in the 1800’s, engineers worked to shorten and tame the Rhine, while in the Netherlands (Lowlands, the reason all the water flows to there) Dutch engineers designed and constructed the dams, dikes, and canals that tamed the waters and made them navigable.

Why, you may be wondering, did the Dutch want to build a city where the water could swamp them at any time? Our tour guide’s answer: “Whoever controlled the mouth of the Rhine, controlled the shipping.”

*** My newest release is a box set of the Task Force Eagle trilogy for your Kindle. You can find excerpts and buy links at www.susanvaughan.com.

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13 Responses to Rhine Mystery #2 — Solved!

  1. Gram says:

    Interesting city. Thanks, and thanks for the pictures.

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  2. Jewel Hanley says:

    Thanks, Susan,

    I love hearing about new places.

    Jewel

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  3. Barb Ross says:

    Hi Susan-

    This looks like such a fabulous trip. I’ve never been to Amsterdam.

    For their 50th anniversary, my parent took us on a barge trip from Strasbourg to Nancy. What a wonderful way to travel.

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  4. Very interesting, Susan. Wow on the bikes everywhere. Funny how simple the name of the city is, once explained.

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  5. Lil Gluckstern says:

    Thank you for the trip.. Your pictures make it come alive.

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  6. Hey, Susan. I went back and picked up your earlier post. Somehow I’d missed it. Very timely. I have good friends who’re on a river cruise in that area right now. I’ve seen similar pics to yours.
    I saw an HGTV show House Hunters one time and the couple looked at house boats on the canals like you show. Smallish, too, but nothing like the windmill! Those remind me of our lighthouses that families lived in before building the house for the keeper’s family. I’ll FB & Tweet. Very interesting post.

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  7. Susan Fleet says:

    Great post, Susan! I’ve been to Amsterdam a couple of times and seeing the pictures brought back great memories. The first time I went there I was jet-lagged, but the concierge at my lovely very small and very “vertical” hotel suggested I relax on a canal boat tour. This was perfect, great way to see the sights and get an overview of the city. And so many great art museums!! Ahh, you have made me want to go back!!

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