Who Killed Cranium 17?

The Mystery of Cranium 17

I was on a plane recently (something I’ve spent far too much time doing lately) and got into the usual conversation with a seatmate.

“What do you do?” he said.

“I’m a writer.”emirates

“What do you write? Anything I would have read?”

“Crime fiction, mostly. Murder mysteries.”

“Oh, I can’t read those. All the violence just makes me sick.”

Aside from the disheartening sense that we weren’t going to have anything else to talk about for the rest of the twelve-hour flight, it did set me thinking why, with all the actual violence in the world, I was engaged in creating stories where violence was such a central component. Was I, in effect, just adding more violence into a world already surfeited with it? And, if so, how could I justify that?

The earliest written tale we have is the Babylonian epic Gilgamesh, created over 3000 years ago. Incised on the twelve clay tablets, among paeans to the beauty of the king of Uruk and episodes of droit du seigneur, is an ode to violence, from the first fight between Gilgamesh and Enkidu to their mutual quests, in which various monsters, animal guardians, and gods are attacked and/or dispatched. So at least we’re working out of some sort of tradition. Violent stories are as old as writing. As is murder, apparently.

In 2015, field researchers found a 430,000 year old skull in the Atapuerca Mountains in Northern Spain, at the bottom of a 40 foot pit.skull

This skull, catchily named Cranium 17, was different from all the other skull bones in the pit because it showed two holes in the forehead, just above the left eye. CT scans and forensic analysis demonstrated that the skull’s owner died from these wounds and that the positions and angles of the impacts indicated that the blows were struck, not incurred in a fall. That is, the person whose skull this was was murdered. Nearly half a million years ago, we were killing each other.

So do we accept that violence is an inherent part of being human?

I suspect one of the reasons crime writers are drawn to violence is that we recognize the violent tendencies in ourselves, in all of us. Even the mildest mannered rage in traffic, flare when someone angers them, curse an unlucky break. By creating situations and characters that partake of violence, sometimes in extreme forms, are we sublimating our own violent tendencies? Or bleeding off that emotion somehow?

Or maybe we write about it so we can experience it, indulge it, vicariously. Maybe we are voyeurs of an experience we don’t want for ourselves but are avid to see, to understand, to show to others.

My belief is that senseless violence frightens us most. When the trigger is a perverted interpretation of a religious impulse we do not empathize with or the pure evil of a psychopathic personality that we cannot comprehend, we shy from it. But by writing about it, we can certainly try to understand.

But the interest for me in writing about crime and violence, as it is for most interesting writers, I think, is the why of the violence, not the who or the what. Descriptions of fistfights, gun battles, car chases, even torture, get boring very quickly. But the human pressures, the emotions, acts, or desires that provoke someone into the violent act? We all want to know the causes, root and immediate, that sling the punch, that fire the gun.

What I wish I’d answered to my interlocutor was this: my writer’s interest in violence is motive, which is to say character. I write my stories to find out not what happened but why. Is this every writer’s motive? I would never suggest that. But I believe it’s part of why we choose to write what we do.

And seriously. Wouldn’t you like to know why Cranium 17 was murdered? And by whom? Solve a murder mystery half a million years old?

About Richard Cass

Dick is the author of the Elder Darrow Jazz Mystery series, the story of an alcoholic who walks into a dive bar in Boston . . . and buys it. Solo Act was a Finalist for the Maine Literary Award in Crime Fiction in 2017 and In Solo Time won the award in 2018. The third book in the series, Burton's Solo, came out in 2018 and Last Call at the Esposito in 2019. Sweetie Bogan's Sorrow was published in 2020, to thunderous pandemic acclaim. The sixth book in the series, Mickey's Mayhem, will come out in 2021. Dick lives and writes in Cape Elizabeth.
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7 Responses to Who Killed Cranium 17?

  1. Skye says:

    I love your explanation of the ‘why’ we write and read mystery/crime/suspense novels. I think your experience on the plane exemplifies a double standard. We are, in real time, in real life exposed to violence, and often random violence ———–the new society, I guess; however, there are always motives, whether or not the violence is random or carefully constructed. Perhaps the person was just over exposed to all we see and hear?

    • Richard Cass says:

      Thanks, Skye. She was reading one of the Fifty Shades books, which I thought was a little rich . . .

      • Skye says:

        Richard, that is so funny; I don’t even know people who would admit to reading it if they had, but to do so openly is definitely funny ( or sad).

  2. I always think it’s funny when people have that reaction to mysteries — which happens more often than you’d expect. Like any other genre, mysteries vary and what I’m really hearing is “I really don’t read much at all so don’t have anything intelligent to say about mysteries.” The fact she was reading 50 Shades just confirms that.
    Thanks for an interesting and informative post!

  3. Dick Cade says:

    Yeah . . I also think people have this knee jerk reaction to the notion of violence without seeing it all around them, in various levels.

  4. Peter Murray says:

    I think you are right. The “why” is compelling. I have pondered the question from every compass point. I wonder, too, if it is different for those of us that wore the shield, lived the reality. In that regard, I take a lesson from my children.

    Involved in an accident many years ago, they stayed with my mother when I went to the hospital to visit my wife, who had been severely injured. With their toy trucks and cars, they played accident. My mother told me that it was as if they played to process what happened. Am I still processing, and is that what we do in our fiction, process an aspect of life we can only imagine?

    I am still pondering. In the meantime, I enjoyed this post, and “Solo Act.”

    • Skye says:

      Your comment is really interesting, and I was busy connecting ideas in my mind as I read about your children’s reenactment. I believe many of us seek for answers, reasons, motives, too.

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